Biodiversity of butterflies in Ayya Nadar Janaki Ammal College Campus, Sivakasi, Tamil Nadu, India
P Ponmanickam, K Gowsalya, T Rajagopal, S Muniasamy, Kishore Kumar Meenakshi Sundaram
The present study was undertaken to study the butterfly diversity in Ayya Nadar Janaki Ammal College campus during January and February, 2021. Totally 28 species belonging to Papilionidae (4 species), Pieridae (3 species), Nymphalidae (14 species) and Lycaenidae (7 species) were observed except Hesperiidae. It become found that family Nymphalidae was the most dominant (45 %) followed by family Lycaenidae (30 %), family Papilionidae and family Pieridae (8 %). In family Papilionidae, there are four species of butterflies (Pachliopta bector, Papilio polytes, Papilio aristolocbiae and Belenois aurota) were identified. In family Pieridae, three species of butterflies (Eurema blanda, Appias libythea and Delias eucharis) were noted. In family Nymphalidae, fourteen species Acraea violae, Mycalesis visala, Ariadne ariadne, Melanitis leda, Euploea klugii, Danaus genutia, Danaus chrysippus, Hypolimnas bolina, Acraea violae, Tirumala septentrionis, Junonia almanac, Junonia iphita, Parantica aglea and Ypthima asterope were observed. In family Lacaenidae, seven species Curetis acuta, Freyeria putili, Castalins rosimon, Virachola Isocrates, Leptosia nina, Leptotes plinius and Zizina otis were noticed. Recently study on butterflies is extending in campus of Educational institutions like Colleges, Universities and research stations. The widespread campus with trees, peaceful environment and irrigated garden with host plants are supporting the butterfly diversity in College campus. It will create interest among the students about importance of maintaining biodiversity of butterflies. Butterflies are “ecological indicators” since they are susceptible to varying seasons and climates. Further butterflies are good pollinators and are supporting the plant diversity. Studying butterfly diversity and their host plants pave the way to constructing butterfly park and maintaining host plants and butterfly diversity in College campus.
P Ponmanickam, K Gowsalya, T Rajagopal, S Muniasamy, Kishore Kumar Meenakshi Sundaram. Biodiversity of butterflies in Ayya Nadar Janaki Ammal College Campus, Sivakasi, Tamil Nadu, India. International Journal of Entomology Research, Volume 7, Issue 5, 2022, Pages 175-182