International Journal of Entomology Research

International Journal of Entomology Research


International Journal of Entomology Research
International Journal of Entomology Research
Vol. 7, Issue 5 (2022)

Phylogenetic relationship of acrididae and pyrgomorphidae: Paraphyletic relationship between species of sub families of acrididae differ with each criteria


Jayashree H, Vivek Chandramohan, Dinesh Udapi, Channaveerappa H

Super family Acridoidea includes eleven families, of these family Acrididae is the largest and the super family Pyrgomorphidea has been considered to be a derivative of Acrididae. In Indian sub-continent only representatives of the family Acrididae and Pyrgomorphidae are found. The phylogenetic relationship between the insects of these two families has been analysed in this work based on RAPD and proteins polymorphism. Species of grasshoppers involved in this work showed greater diversity for both these criteria. The phylogenetic trees constructed based on the diversity of these profiles reflected variations in cladogenic branch patterns for proteins, DNA, as well in the tree generated by combining these two factors. The protein data-based tree resulted in more shuffled combinations of Acrididae and Pyrgomorphidae species also in between the taxa of the subfamilies of Acrididae. The DNA profile tree resulted in almost separate congregation of the species of Acrididae and Pyrgomorphid species but with slight mixing of both the families. The combined protein and DNA phylogenetic tree profile resulted in separate clustered appearance of Pyrgomorphidae and Acrididae but There was no monophyletic representation among the members of the sub families Acridinae, Oedipodinae and Gomphocerinae of Acrididae hence the members of sub families reflected paraphyly that differed with each criterion. The Pyrgomorphidae species are found to be separated from the common Acridid ancestors of 4th and 5th order ancestral lineages, these two families appeared to be sister groups.
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How to cite this article:
Jayashree H, Vivek Chandramohan, Dinesh Udapi, Channaveerappa H. Phylogenetic relationship of acrididae and pyrgomorphidae: Paraphyletic relationship between species of sub families of acrididae differ with each criteria. International Journal of Entomology Research, Volume 7, Issue 5, 2022, Pages 20-28
International Journal of Entomology Research