Butterflies occupy a vital position in ecosystems and thus an important model group to study for wildlife conservation in a landscape. A baseline survey on abundance and diversity of butterflies was conducted in the newly created Raimona National Park of Assam in India. The Pollard Walk method was followed in the modified line transects of 1000 m length with 5 m width on either side of the observer to record the butterfly communities for two months in November and December 2020. A total of 150 species of butterflies belonging to six families viz., Nymphalidae (44.89%), Lycaenidae (23.12%), Pieridae (12.24%), Hesperidae (10.20%), Papilionidae (8.16%) and Riodinidae (1.36%) were recorded with the highest diversity in the western range Raimona followed by central range Kachugaon, Sanfan range and eastern range Athiabari in the Raimona NP. The present study was an attempt to create a checklist of butterfly species in the new protected area which will be subjected to continue updating for future reference.
Nazrul Islam, Tanisha Chhetri, Uditya Borkataki, Sanswrang Basumatary, Moklesur Rahman. Abundance and diversity of butterflies in Raimona National Park of Assam, India. International Journal of Entomology Research, Volume 7, Issue 2, 2022, Pages 54-62