Mosquito faunal diversity and species composition: A study based on seasonal prevalence in and around the rural settings of Kashmir, Jammu and Kashmir, India
Bilal Ahmad Malla, A Jebanesan
Mosquitoes are the haematophagous insects of medical importance and colonize almost all types of lentic water habitats with transient, semi-permanent and permanent nature in order to breed and successfully continue their generation resulting in complex communities. The present study (June,2019-October,2019 and June,2020-October,2020) was carried out on mosquitoes seasonal diversity and species composition in Kupwara district, Jammu and Kashmir, India reveals the prevalence of seven mosquito species belonging to three genera notably Culex (59.37%), Aedes (26.78%)and Anopheles (13.83%). Out of the 896 specimens collected, three Culex species- Culex quinquefasciatus, Culex vagans, and Culex mimeticus; two Aedes species- Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus; two Anopheles species- Anopheles gigas and Anopheles stephensi were collected from selected breeding sites across five localities of the study area facing different directions. During the collection period, it was recorded that Culex quinquefasciatus species were abundantly found in almost all breeding points of the study area with species percentage composition of 37.38, Shannon-Weiner diversity index of 0.159 and Simpson dominance index of 0.139. Moreover the present data will serve as a baseline and suitable tool for designing and implementation of integrated larval management approaches in the future.
Bilal Ahmad Malla, A Jebanesan. Mosquito faunal diversity and species composition: A study based on seasonal prevalence in and around the rural settings of Kashmir, Jammu and Kashmir, India. International Journal of Entomology Research, Volume 7, Issue 2, 2022, Pages 17-22