International Journal of Entomology Research

International Journal of Entomology Research


International Journal of Entomology Research
International Journal of Entomology Research
Vol. 6, Issue 3 (2021)

Review on integrated pest management of coconut crop


Abhishek TS, SA Dwivedi

Coconut tree is growing in more than 93 countries in the world in an area of 12 million hectares with an annual production of 59.98 million tonnes of nuts; India is the 3rd largest producer of coconut in the world with 10.56 million tonnes of coconut per year. Coconut tree is the important plantation crop mainly in tropical and subtropical parts of the world. So many people depending up on this tree directly or indirectly because this tree plays a major role in the national economy of the country, it generates so many employment opportunities for the rural women and rural people. Each and every part of the coconut is useful henceforth this tree is called as “Kalpavriksha” or “Tree of Heaven”. This coconut tree is attacked by many insect-pests, more than 900 species of insect-pests attacking the coconut palm, among those rhinoceros beetle, red palm weevil, coconut mite and coconut black headed caterpillar are the 4 major insect-pests of coconut which have national significance. To control these insect-pest farmers are solely depends on chemical sprays, injudicious and indiscriminate use of chemical sprays leads to pest resistance, resurgence and destroys the natural Enemies population in the coconut field. Henceforth to control these insect-pests, using IPM- Integrated Pest Management strategy is more applicable, because IPM is a pest population management system utilizing all suitable technologies in a compatible manner to maintain the pest population below the economic injury level. IPM is a holistic approach to minimize the pest impact and to maintain the balance of the eco-system.IPM technology has defined advantage over the conventional management strategies. It is economical, eco-friendly and more feasible in a sustainable agro-ecosystem. The present review article shows the management of major insect-pests of coconut by using different IPM technologies like cultural, physical, mechanical, biological practices and so on.
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How to cite this article:
Abhishek TS, SA Dwivedi. Review on integrated pest management of coconut crop. International Journal of Entomology Research, Volume 6, Issue 3, 2021, Pages 115-120
International Journal of Entomology Research International Journal of Entomology Research