Studies on papilio polymnestor as a bio-indicator species of climatic changes
Manisha N Kulkarni, Swapnesh S Rangnekar
Climate change is not new and species have traditionally responded to these changes over evolutionary timescales. Climate change poses a great risk to biodiversity acting upon other drivers. The key question today is how will organisms respond to the current apparently rapid rate of anthropogenic climate change? By using butterflies as an early warning indicator, effects of future climate change scenarios can be determined. The present study was focussed on Blue Mormon (Papilio polymnestor) as a bio-indicator of climatic changes. The butterfly is most common in forests that receive heavy rainfall, leading to evergreen vegetation. It is more common in late monsoon. The research authors have confirmed the appearance of the species in early winter and late winter. The unusual appearance can be correlated with extended rainfall pattern in the research area. The reasons for such climatic changes are numerous. The strategic threats posed by global environmental and development problems are the most complex and potentially devastating of all the challenges to our security. In order to mitigate these worse effects policy makers should aim to execute eco-friendly practices. Approaches could include changes in conventional agricultural practices, afforestation programmes, designing and implementing waste management plan, controlling indiscriminate urbanization, etc.
Manisha N Kulkarni, Swapnesh S Rangnekar. Studies on papilio polymnestor as a bio-indicator species of climatic changes. International Journal of Entomology Research, Volume 6, Issue 2, 2021, Pages 52-54