Diversity of butterflies visitors of cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.) flowers in Korhogo (Northern Côte d'Ivoire)
Michel Laurince YAPO, Yalamoussa TUO, Mouhamadou KONE, Philippe Kouassi
A study was conducted in three farms in Northern Region of Côte d’Ivoire, near Korhogo from December 2017 to February 2018 to collect butterflies distributed on the cashew farms during it flowering period. In each farm, one plot of an area measuring 25 m x 50 m was established in all the three cashew farms with approximately 30 to 32 trees per plot. The butterflies found on the cashew plants during the flowering period were identified and counted. A total of 37 species of butterflies distributed under 4 families viz., Lycaenidae, Nymphalidae, Papilionidae and Pieridae of 19 genera have been reported. Family Pieridae recorded the highest richness with 15 species and 5 genera. A total of 204 individuals was collected in this study. Eurema brigitta brigitta and Danaus chrysippus chrysippus was found to be the most abundant species.