A study on ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Medinipur, West Bengal, India
Ants are the most successful arthropod fauna to study ecology of a particular region as because it can withstand even horsed environmental situation. Ants are the largest section of the insects belonging to the endopterigota group. Present study reveals the distribution of ant fauna in forest, grassland and human habitats located around Midnapore town. The study area represents thirty four species of ants under twenty different genera has been identified. The recorded ants belonging to five subfamilies: Formicinae, Myrmicinae, Ponernae, Dolichoderinae and Pseudomyrmicinae. The most dominant genus was Crematogaster followed by Pheidole. Present study shows that the similarity index of ant species between human habitat and forest is highest. Dominent index of ant fauna in human habitat and forest ecosystem depicts that genus Crematogaster is the most adapted genus in both human habitat and forest ecosystem.