Butterflies species and Habitat of Tehsil Choa Saiydan Shah Punjab Pakistan
Shahmshad Ahmed. Khan, Humairah Hanif
Butterflies and sensitive to temperature, solar radiation, microclimate and the most important the availability of the host plants for ovipositing and larval development. The present study was conducted in Tehsil Choa Saiydan shahrn(Chakwal) Punjab Pakistan during March to December 2014. A total of 500 specimens were collected from 20 localities of belong to 31 species, 20 genera and 4 families. Family Pieridae species are Eurema brigitta, Eurema hecabe, Colias erate, Colias fieldi, Catopsilia Pomona, Catopsilia pyranthe, Colotis amata, Aporia nabellica, Pieris canidia, Pieris brassicae andPieris deota. Family Nymphalidae species are Junonia almana, Cynthia cardui, Limenitis trivena, Danaus chrysippus, Danaus genutia, Tirumala limniace, Argyreus hyperbius, Phalanta phalanta, Junonia orithya and Catopsilia pyranthe. Family Lycaenidae species are Castalius rosimon,Tarucus callinara and Leptotes plinius and Family Papilionidae species are Hypermnestra Helios, Parnassius loxias, Papilio demoleus, Papiliornarcturus, Papilio machaon, Papilio polyctor, Papilio clytia. Preset study indicated that the Pieris brassicae, Danaus chrysippus, Junonia orithya, Catopsilia pyranthe, Colias erate, Papilio machaon are the most common species of butterflies, Pieris brassicae present very common during the month of March to July. The area has diverse fauna of butterflies and recommended for future studies.