Review on management methods of fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda JE Smith) in Sub-Saharan Africa
Haftay Gebreyesus Gebreziher
The Fall armyworm (FAW), Spodoptera frugiperda (JE Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), FAWis one of the most devastating pests in terms of crop loss and economic impact, let alone developing countries, even in high income countries. It spread quickly across the African continent, causing extensive damage to crops and having covered about 38 countries in the continent, since it was first reported in 2016. Smallholder farmers in the Sub-Saharan Africa demand environmentally friendly and cost-effective management method for FAW. Therefore, sustainable management of FAW requires efficient and cost-effective management strategies that suits for smallholder farmers. Several findings show that there are multiple cost-effective control options involving cultural, biological, botanical, push-pull and other methods as well as integrated FAW management approaches relevant to smallholder farmers in the region. This paper reviews FAW management options (prevention, monitoring, cultural, push-pull, botanical, biological and chemical methods as well as integrated FAW management) that are relevant to smallholder farmers who lack the financial resource to purchase chemical pesticides and other expensive control mechanisms.
Haftay Gebreyesus Gebreziher. Review on management methods of fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda JE Smith) in Sub-Saharan Africa. International Journal of Entomology Research, Volume 5, Issue 2, 2020, Pages 09-14