Diversity and damage of termites in urban zones: the case of the campus of University Péléforo Gon Coulibaly of Korhogo (Côte d’Ivoire)
Tenon Coulibaly, Crolaud Sylvain TRA BI, Kanvaly Dosso
Termites are one of the most abundant invertebrate groups in tropical ecosystems. Despite their important role, termites can cause considerable damage to wooden structures in most tropical countries. This study aim is to evaluate the termite diversity on the campus of the University Peleforo Gon Coulibaly of Korhogo and to show their attacks on trees and buildings. According to the standardized rapid estimation method (RAP) of biodiversity, a total of 12 species of termite were collected. Fungus-growers group with 68% of termite total abundance were the mostly abundant group. The study of termite attacks showed that plants were strongly attacked by termites. Out of 294 trees visited, 274 trees showed traces of termite attacks, a rate of 93%. Termite damage caused leaf drop, dieback and / or death of the plant. Concerning buildings and woodwork, termites caused significant damage on these structures. The results of our study are a preliminary study to draw the special attention of university officials to take action to combat these termites.