Pervasiveness of non-infectious and non-pest-related disorders accompanying with honey bees colony and control of downfalls
The purpose of this publication is to include information to identify abnormalities of the honey bee and to acquaint beekeepers to diagnose and control disorders. All brood and adult stages of queens, workers and drones may exhibit symptoms (neglected brood, chilled brood, starved brood, overheating, plant poisoning, pesticide poisoning, and queen bee problems) similar to those caused by disease pathogens or pests, but these are due to other causes. Non-infectious and non-pest-related disorders can result from neglect, overheating, chilling, poisoning from plants or pesticides, or from queen failure with effects ranging from minor stress to the death of the colony. Best management practices relating to above disorders are deciding of ways to improve overall colony health and productivity, identifying factors leading to decline in honey bee health such as nutrition, stress and pests, and focusing on new or current major issues (mites, genetic disorders). The priorities may include such as development and implement of measures for the surveillance to detect any incursions to enable to be destroyed before these become established, early detection of targeted disorders, and inspections of peoples, mail parcels, baggage, ships, animals, plants and cargo containers to prevent the entry of foreign bees and disorders they carry.