The insects possess a close and subtle relationship with their host plants. The growth, incidence, behaviour, physiology, ecology and other aspects of an insect life are in one way or another are correlated within the context of nutrition. The growth pattern, the anatomy and morphology, chemical composition and particularly the nutrition of plants may have an impact on the growth, survival and overall performance of the herbivorous insects. Moreover, the food quality of plants plays vital roles in mediating the foraging behaviour, growth and reproductive performance, as well as population dynamics of herbivorous insects. Similarly, poor plant nutrition can have an adverse effect on the performance and fitness of sap feeders. The present review of the work is to help understand earlier work done to generate information on the role of plant nutrients on insect development.