Vol. 1, Issue 5 (2016)
Review on ecological aspects of ants
Author(s): Chate SD, Chavan RJ
Abstract: Ants are very important and major component of terrestrial ecosystems. Ants are also called ecosystem engineers due to their specific activities like altering vegetation and soil properties through their nesting and foraging behaviors. Biodiversity of ants was very high and it was dynamically interacting with biotic and abiotic factors. The review summarizes the ant biodiversity pattern according to season, vegetation and disturbance level in particular habitats. The study reported that ant diversity was observed more in summer and rainy season but lower in winter season. Vegetation habitat influenced by climatic change, soil pattern, human impact such as land use, pollution hence ant diversity can change accordingly. According to disturbance habitat the diversity of ant was seen to be more in less and partially disturbed habitat as compared to disturbed habitat.